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Puppy Training Guide for New Pet Owners | Puppy Singapore


Welcoming a new puppy into your home is an exciting and joyous experience. However, it’s also a significant responsibility that requires dedication and understanding. As a first-time paw parent, you might not know what to expect or how to navigate the early stages of your puppy’s life.

This comprehensive guide aims to provide you with essential information for your first few weeks as a paw parent, helping you avoid potential behavioural issues in the future. It will also make you more vigilant when evaluating dog training classes and dog training service providers. See our article on insights to the dog training industry in Singapore for more details.

While this guide is ideally read before getting a puppy, it’s never too late to equip yourself with knowledge. Better late than never, as the saying goes.

General Puppy Care

Welcoming a new puppy into your home is an exciting journey that requires thoughtful planning and a caring approach. In this section, we will provide an overview of essential practices for providing the best general care for your puppy.

Toilet Training | Potty Training

One of the first challenges you’ll encounter as a dog owner is potty training your new puppy. Consistency is key in puppy training. Establishing a routine is crucial for successfully training dogs. Take your puppy to their designated toilet area frequently—after meals, upon waking up, and before bedtime. This consistent practice in puppy training and care will help prevent behavioural issues from forming. Reward them immediately after they go to reinforce positive behaviour. Mastering these necessary skills will set a solid foundation for your puppy’s training journey and ensure a well-behaved puppy home.

Feeding, Diet, and Nutrition

Asides from puppy training, proper nutrition is vital for your puppy’s growth and development, especially for first-time dog owners navigating the world of puppy care. Feed them high-quality puppy food, and follow the recommended feeding guidelines to ensure they get the nutrients needed for a healthier life. Monitor their weight regularly and adjust the portions as necessary to accommodate their growth and activity level. For personalised dietary advice tailored to your puppy’s unique needs, always consult your vet. Embracing these practices will set your furry friend on the path to a happy and healthy puppy life.


Early socialisation is crucial for your puppy’s development and should be a key part of your puppy training program. Introducing them to various people, dogs, and environments helps ensure they become well-adjusted and well-behaved adults. Positive interactions during this period will foster better behaviour and build their social skills, ultimately reducing the likelihood of anxiety-related behaviours and puppy biting.

Seeking guidance from professional trainers for your puppy training program is highly recommended for dog owners aiming to raise a well-behaved dog. Many dog owners find success through group classes and day schools, which offer structured environments for puppies to learn and grow. By investing time in early socialisation, you’re setting the foundation for a confident and well-mannered companion.

Controlled Exposure

Controlled and positive exposure to other dogs, unfamiliar people and situations, as well as structured dog training classes will help your puppy grow into a well-adjusted adult. You may have heard that visits to the dog park is essential for puppy socialisation! You should closely monitor your puppy and their interactions with other dogs at the dog park. While this can provide valuable opportunities for your puppy to interact and learn to read other dogs’ body language, negative interactions with other dogs can traumatise your puppy and result in improper reactions towards other dogs in the future.

Environmental Management

Creating a safe and stimulating environment for your puppy is essential. Here’s some practical advice to ensure a fun and secure space for your furry friend. Start by setting up a playpen to give them a designated area to explore without risk. Dog-proof your house by securing loose wires, covering electrical outlets, and removing small objects that could be swallowed. Eliminate any toxic substances such as chocolate, household cleaners, and certain plants to prevent physical harm. Provide a variety of toys to keep them mentally and physically engaged, ensuring they have outlets for their energy and curiosity. This will help create a fun environment where your puppy can thrive safely.

Veterinary Care

Regular veterinary care is essential for keeping your puppy healthy. Ensure they receive their vaccinations, annual check-ups, and deworming treatments, so they stay fully vaccinated. Establishing a relationship with a trusted vet early on will make future visits less stressful for both you and your puppy. Taking your puppy to the clinic without performing stressful procedures can also help to reduce fear and anxiety around normally stressful vet visits, and allow you to practice useful cooperative care behaviours!

Puppy Holistic Development

At our training academy, we cover all the above critical aspects and much more in our comprehensive Puppy Holistic Development Program. We are committed to ensuring that your puppy receives the best possible start in life through structured dog training classes and personalised private lessons with experienced dog trainers. Our training sessions are designed to address diverse needs, from basic skills to managing bad habits and preventing destructive behaviours. We also cover home-alone training to reduce separation-related issues, dog-dog interactions and puppy socialisation. As a leading dog training school, we offer tailored programs that provide helpful advice and practical solutions for fostering better behaviour in your canine companion. To find out more about our other services, please visit our dog training service page.

Enrolling your puppy in puppy classes or dog training classes can provide a structured environment to practice these skills. These classes not only focus on impulse control but also foster better behaviour and help address behavioural issues early on. Learning about dog psychology and how to train your dog effectively can prevent many dogs from developing severe reactivity problems.


Desensitisation involves gradually exposing your puppy to things they might be fearful of, such as crowded places, people, cars, and various sounds. The goal is to slowly build their comfort and reduce anxiety in these situations. Start with mild exposures and gradually increase the intensity, always ensuring your puppy feels safe and supported.

Understanding and practicing desensitisation is crucial, especially for first-time dog owners, in managing dog reactivity and preventing dog aggression. Early intervention through behaviour modification can help your dog avoid improper reactions to various stimuli. It’s important to monitor your dog’s body language to ensure they are not overwhelmed. Read our article on classical conditioning to further understand learning by association which sets the foundation for desensitisation work.

Desensitisation and proper training lay the foundation for better behaviour, allowing dog owners to manage their pets more effectively and ensuring a harmonious relationship. By addressing these issues early on, you can set your dog up for success and create a positive, well-adjusted companion.

Obedience Training / Skills Training

Foundation and obedience skills are critical for a well-behaved puppy. Start with dog obedience training by introducing basic obedience cues such as sit, stay, and come. This basic obedience training forms the basis of basic dog obedience. Use positive reinforcement techniques, rewarding your puppy for good behaviour. Certified dog trainers often recommend these dog training techniques as part of a basic obedience course. Read our guide on the process for obedience training, which explains how to use rewards to motivate and teach desirable behaviour through obedience skills.

Understanding effective dog training techniques is crucial in discouraging undesirable behaviour. Use gentle redirection and positive reinforcement to foster good habits in your puppy. Avoid punishment, as it can create a fearful and anxious environment. Discover more about our Canine Good Citizen Programme, which offers training in basic skills, body language, and private classes, to help your puppy become a well-mannered member of the community. Explore puppy training and dog training in a fun environment to ensure your furry friend thrives.

Home Alone Training

Many puppies struggle with being left alone, leading to separation-related problems. Start by leaving your puppy alone for short periods and gradually increase the duration. Make sure they have a safe space and plenty of toys to keep them occupied. Read our article on home alone training for further details.

Separation anxiety can be a severe issue that cannot be solved by a basic dog obedience course or regular training methods. Even a dog day school or dog trainer may not be enough to address this problem effectively.

Learn more about the Separation Anxiety Desensitisation Protocols that needs to be applied if your dog suffers from Separation Anxiety, and take steps to prevent it early on.


Embarking on the journey of puppy ownership is both rewarding and challenging. With the right knowledge and approach, you can navigate this journey with confidence. Remember, owning a puppy is a well-solved problem, and you are not alone in this. Our head coach and chief behaviourist are here to help if needed.

Check out more details on our Puppy Holistic Development or the Canine Good Citizen Program page! We wish you all the best in your journey as a new pet owner. Enjoy the countless moments of joy and companionship that lie ahead.

Picture of Webster Cheong, BA, IAABC-ADT, CPDT-KA

Webster Cheong, BA, IAABC-ADT, CPDT-KA

Webster has trained various species in zoos, rehabilitated companion animals, and championed animal welfare standards. He represented Singapore in the Amphibian Taxon Advisory Group, focusing on amphibian care and conservation. Now, his main focus is in canine fitness and conditioning as well as essential canine skills.

Picture of Qiai Chong, MSc, CSAT, CSB-D, CPDT-KSA

Qiai Chong, MSc, CSAT, CSB-D, CPDT-KSA

With over a decade of study in the animal behaviour and welfare sciences, Qiai earned her Masters from the University of Edinburgh and has since devoted herself to the welfare and behaviour of pets. She has worked as an animal behaviourist since, and her expertise lies in addressing pet behavioural issues such as fears, phobias, anxiety and aggression.

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